Rosa canina, commonly known as the dog rose, is a variable climbing, wild rose species native to Europe, northwest Africa, and western Asia. It is a deciduous shrub normally ranging in height from 1–5 metres, though sometimes it can scramble higher into the crowns of taller trees. Its stems are covered with small, sharp, hooked prickles, which aid it in climbing. The leaves are pinnate, with 5-7 leaflets. The flowers are usually pale pink, but can vary between a deep pink and white. They are 4–6 centimetres in diameter with five petals, and mature into an oval, 1.5–2-centimetre, red-orange fruit, or hip.
- dog rose has aggressive growth and can be consider invasive in some situations
- has a long history of medicinal use; currently used in medications as a diuretic and as a laxative
- can reach 4-16.5 feet depending on age and growing situation (i.e. presence of a support structure for height)
“A great source of vitamin C, rose hips can be made into jams, syrups and tea.”